Philips Hue Go 2.0 White & Colour Ambiance Smart Portable Light with Bluetooth, Works with Alexa and Google Assistant (Pack of 1)

£39.995
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Philips Hue Go 2.0 White & Colour Ambiance Smart Portable Light with Bluetooth, Works with Alexa and Google Assistant (Pack of 1)

Philips Hue Go 2.0 White & Colour Ambiance Smart Portable Light with Bluetooth, Works with Alexa and Google Assistant (Pack of 1)

RRP: £79.99
Price: £39.995
£39.995 FREE Shipping

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This principle allows astronomers to see the universe as it looked after the Big Bang, which took place about 13.8 billion years ago. Objects that are 10 billion light-years away from us appear to astronomers as they looked 10 billion years ago — relatively soon after the beginning of the universe — rather than how they appear today. Einstein's theory of special relativity unified energy, matter and the speed of light in a famous equation: E = mc According to physicist Albert Einstein's theory of special relativity, on which much of modern physics is based, nothing in the universe can travel faster than light. The theory states that as matter approaches the speed of light, the matter's mass becomes infinite. That means the speed of light functions as a speed limit on the whole universe. The speed of light is so immutable that, according to the U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology, it is used to define international standard measurements like the meter (and by extension, the mile, the foot and the inch). Through some crafty equations, it also helps define the kilogram and the temperature unit Kelvin. One of the first measurements of the speed of light was by Rømer in 1676 by observing the moons of Jupiter. The speed of light was first measured to high precision in 1879 by the Michelson-Morley Experiment. How do we know the speed of light? In 1728, English physicist James Bradley based a new set of calculations on the change in the apparent position of stars caused by Earth's travels around the sun. He estimated the speed of light at 185,000 miles per second (301,000 km/s) — accurate to within about 1% of the real value, according to the American Physical Society.

Dr. Rob Zellem is a staff scientist at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a federally funded research and development center operated by the California Institute of Technology. Rob is the project lead for Exoplanet Watch, a citizen science project to observe exoplanets, planets outside of our own solar system, with small telescopes. He is also the Science Calibration lead for the Nancy Grace Roman Space Telescope's Coronagraph Instrument, which will directly image exoplanets. What is faster than the speed of light? The bowl-like design of the Philips Hue Go hasn’t changed since the first-gen lamp. It’s still a white plastic hemisphere, with the addition of a molded lip on the underside of the bowl that lets the lamp be propped up on its side. The ‘stand’ (if you will) isn’t very big and we found we had to keep an eye on how we propped the Hue Go 2 up or it could wobble and possibly fall off its perch. The speed of light is a universal constant in a vacuum, like the vacuum of space. However, light *can* slow down slightly when it passes through an absorbing medium, like water (225,000 kilometers per second = 140,000 miles per second) or glass (200,000 kilometers per second = 124,000 miles per second). Who discovered the speed of light? Nothing! Light is a "universal speed limit" and, according to Einstein's theory of relativity, is the fastest speed in the universe: 300,000 kilometers per second (186,000 miles per second). Is the speed of light constant? Light travels from the moon to our eyes in about 1 second, which means the moon is about 1 light-second away. Sunlight takes about 8 minutes to reach our eyes, so the sun is about 8 light minutes away. Light from Alpha Centauri, which is the nearest star system to our own, requires roughly 4.3 years to get here, so Alpha Centauri is 4.3 light-years away.

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Aristotle, Empedocles, Galileo (illustrated here), Ole Rømer and countless other philosophers and physicists in history have contemplated the speed of light. (Image credit: NASA) In the mid 1600s, the Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei stood two people on hills less than a mile apart. Each person held a shielded lantern. One uncovered his lantern; when the other person saw the flash, he uncovered his too. But Galileo's experimental distance wasn't far enough for his participants to record the speed of light. He could only conclude that light traveled at least 10 times faster than sound. Rømer used his observations to estimate the speed of light. Since the size of the solar system and Earth's orbit wasn't yet accurately known, argued a 1998 paper in the American Journal of Physics, he was a bit off. But at last, scientists had a number to work with. Rømer's calculation put the speed of light at about 124,000 miles per second (200,000 km/s). As early as the 5th century, Greek philosophers like Empedocles and Aristotle disagreed on the nature of light speed. Empedocles proposed that light, whatever it was made of, must travel and therefore, must have a rate of travel. Aristotle wrote a rebuttal of Empedocles' view in his own treatise, On Sense and the Sensible, arguing that light, unlike sound and smell, must be instantaneous. Aristotle was wrong, of course, but it would take hundreds of years for anyone to prove it. Stars and other objects beyond our solar system lie anywhere from a few light-years to a few billion light-years away. And everything astronomers "see" in the distant universe is literally history. When astronomers study objects that are far away, they are seeing light that shows the objects as they existed at the time that light left them.

On Aug. 15, 1930 in Santa Ana, CA, Dr. Albert A. Michelson stood alongside the mile-long vacuum tube which would be used in his last and most accurate measurement of the speed of light. (Image credit: Getty/Bettman)Though Michelson and Morley built a sophisticated interferometer (a very basic version of the instrument used today in LIGO facilities), Michelson could not find evidence of any kind of luminiferous aether whatsoever. Light, he determined, can and does travel through a vacuum. Michelson also studied the nature of light itself, wrote astrophysicist Ethan Siegal in the Forbes science blog, Starts With a Bang. The best minds in physics at the time of Michelson's experiments were divided: Was light a wave or a particle?



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